Chapter 1 - General

1-1 Purpose

1-2 Distribution

1-3 Cancellation

1-4 References

1-5 General

1-6 Definitions

1-7 Forms and reports

1-8 Authority to change this Order

GENERAL

1-1  PURPOSE.

This order prescribes Jordanian Civil Aviation Authority and responsibilities for aircraft accident and incident notification, and Aircraft Accident Investigation Unit role in the investigation and reporting. 

1-2 DISTRIBUTION

This order is distributed to all related directorates concerned with aircraft accidents and incidents. The following should possess a copy of this order:

 

  •  Aircraft Accident Investigation Unit, 
  •  Flight Safety Directorate,
  •  Air Navigation Services Safety and Standard Directorate, 
  •  Air Traffic Services,
  •  Security Directorate
  •  Legal Directorate, 
  •  Aviation Medicine Office,
  •  Airport Safety and Standard Directorate, 
  •  All Airports Directorates, and 
  •  Ground Operations.

1-3 CANCELLATION

All orders and advisory circulars related to Aircraft Accident and Incident Notification, Investigation and Reporting other than AAIU circulars which related to JCAR Part 2201 are cancelled by this Order.

1-4  REFERENCES

  • Jordanian Civil Aviation Law No.50 of 1985.
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Annex 13.
  • Manual of Aircraft Accident Investigation (DOC. 9756 Part I & IV and DOC. 6920-AN1855/4).
  • DGCAA Order 90/2.

1-5 GENERAL

As a contracting State of ICAO, Jordan will follow the adopted International Standards and Recommended Practices of ICAO Annex 13. This Annex outlines responsibility and requirement for notification, reporting and investigation. It will be used as the basic guide and this order will supplement the international text and establish the duties and responsibilities, of the different directorates in the Authority for notification and the procedures of the reporting and investigation of accidents and incidents that will be followed by Aircraft Accident Investigation Unit. All CAA Directorates are requested to review their, own procedures periodically to assure the instructions are adequate and current and shall notify Aircraft Accident Investigation Unit about any proposed amendments in order to be evaluated for acceptance.

1-6 DEFINITIONS

The following terms, as used in this order, are defined as shown. Appendix I contains the abbreviations.

Air carrier: any person or organization who undertakes, whether directly or indirectly, or by lease or any other arrangement, to engage in air transportation and conducts operations in accordance with Jordan Civil Aviation Regulations Part 121 and 135.

  1. Air Taxi: an aircraft operator who conducts operations for hire or compensation in accordance with part 135 in an aircraft with 30 or fewer passenger seats and a payload capacity of 7,500 pounds or less. An air taxi operates on an on-demand basis and does not meet the “flight scheduled” qualifications of a commuter.
  2. Foreign Air Carrier: any person other than a citizen of Jordan, who undertakes directly by lease or other arrangement, to engage in air transportation and conducts its operations within Jordan airspace in accordance with JCARs.

Aircraft: a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air.

(Note: For the purpose of this order, ultra light vehicle accidents and incidents are not investigated as “aircraft”.) 

Aircraft Accident: an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight and until such time as all such persons have disembarked, and in which any person suffers death or serious injury, or in which the aircraft receives substantial damage. All aspects of the exceptions to substantial damage (see “Substantial Damage”) should be considered before making a final substantial damage determination that would classify the occurrence as an accident. The accident is classified as the following based on the location of occurrence:  

  1. International Accident: Accidents occurring in the territory of a Contracting State to aircraft registered in another Contracting State.
  2. Domestic Accidents: Accidents occurring in the territory of the State of Registry. 
  3. Other Accidents: Accidents occurring in the territory of a Non-Contracting State, or outside the territory of any State.

Aircraft Proximity: a situation in which, in the opinion of a pilot or air traffic services personnel, the distance between aircraft as well as their relative position and speed have been such that the safety of the aircraft involved may have been compromised. Aircraft proximity is classified as follows: 

  1. Risk of collision: the risk classification of an aircraft proximity in which serious risk of collision has existed.  
  2. Safety not assured: the risk classification of an aircraft proximity in which the safety of the aircraft may have been compromised.
  3. No risk of collision: the risk classification of an aircraft proximity in which no risk of collision has existed. 
  4. Risk not determined: the risk classification of an aircraft proximity in which insufficient information was available to determine the risk involved, or inconclusive or conflicting evidence precluded such determination.

Airworthy: in a condition suitable for safe flight and comply with regulations.

Civil Aircraft: any aircraft other than a public aircraft.

Delegated Accident: any accident investigation that has been delegated to Flight Safety Directorate by Aircraft Accident Investigation Unit.

Destroyed Aircraft: an aircraft damaged to the extent that it would be impracticable to return the aircraft to an airworthy condition.

Flight Safety Directorate (FSD) Investigator-In-Charge (IIC): the FSD inspector / investigator assigned to supervise and coordinate all FSD participants in an accident or ‘incident investigation conducted by the AAIU; or the FSD inspector / investigator assigned to conduct an accident investigation delegated to FSD by AAIU. In each aviation investigation, the FSD TIC is responsible for the management of all FSD resources at the scene and for determining if the facts of the accident indicate that FSD responsibilities were involved in the occurrence. 

Fatal Injury: any injury which results in death within 30 days of the accident. 

Hazardous Materials Incident: an incident that occurs during transportation of the material (including loading, unloading, or temporary storage) in which as a direct result of any hazardous material:

  1. A person is killed.
  2. A person received injuries requiring hospitalization. 
  3. Fire, breakage, spillage, or suspected radioactive contamination occurs during shipment of radioactive materials. 
  4. Fire, breakage, spillage, or suspected contamination occurs during shipment of etiologic agents. 

Incident: an occurrence other than an accident associated with the operation of an aircraft, which affects or could affect the safety of operations. 

Industrial Accident: an occurrence that meets the criteria for an aircraft accident, except that there was no intention of flight.

Industry Coordinator: the person approved by JCAA (in a delegated investigation), to represent the operator, manufacturer, or other party to the investigation, who possesses technical knowledge or expertise which JCAA believes would contribute to the accident investigation. 

Navigation Aid (NavAid): any facility used in, available for use in, or designated for use in aid of air navigation, including landing areas, lights. Any apparatus or equipment for disseminating weather information, for signaling, radio direction finding, or for radio or other electronic communication, and any other structure or mechanism having a similar purpose for guiding or controlling flight in the air or the landing or takeoff of aircraft.

Near Mid-Air Collision (NMAC): an incident associated with the operation of an aircraft in which the possibility of collision occurs as a result of proximity of less than 500 feet to another aircraft, or a report is received from a pilot or flight crew member stating that a collision hazard existed between two or more aircraft.

Operation of Aircraft: the use of aircraft, for the purpose of air navigation and includes the navigation of aircraft. (Note: Any person who causes or authorizes the operation of aircraft, whether with or without the right of legal control “in the capacity of owner, lessee, or otherwise” of the aircraft, shall be deemed to be engaged in the operation of aircraft within the meaning of Jordan Civil Aviation Law No. 50 of 1985).

Operator: any person who causes or authorizes the operation of an aircraft, such as the owner, lessee, or bailee of an aircraft.

Pilot Deviation: the actions of a pilot that result in the violation of a Civil Aviation Regulations (CARs).

Public Aircraft: an aircraft used exclusively in the service of any government or of any political subdivision thereof, not including any government-owned aircraft engaged in carrying persons or property for commercial purposes.

Runway Incursion : any occurrence at an airport involving an aircraft, vehicle, person, or object on the ground that creates a collision hazard or  results in loss of separation with an aircraft taking off, intending to takeoff, landing, or intending to land. (Note: runway incursions result from one of the following four types of airport surface occurrences: pilot deviations, operational errors, vehicle operator/pedestrian deviations, and pilot/vehicle operator/pedestrian judgmental errors.)

Standards Directorates (SDs): Flight Safety Directorate, Air Navigation Services Safety and Standard Directorate and Airport Safety and Standard Directorate. 

Serious Incident: an incident involving circumstances indicating that an accident nearly occurred.

Serious Injury: any injury which:

  1. Requires hospitalization for more than 48 hours, commencing within 7 days from the date an injury was received;
  2. Results in a fracture of any bone (except simple fractures of fingers, toes, or nose);
  3. Causes severe hemorrhages, or nerve, muscle, or tendon damage;
  4. Involves any internal organ; or 
  5. Involves second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5 percent of the body surface.

Substantial Damage: damage or failure which adversely affects the structural strength, performance, or flight characteristics of the aircraft, and which would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component. Engine failure or damage limited to an engine if only one engine fails or is damaged, bent fairings or cowling, dented skin, small punctured holes in the skin or fabric, ground damage to rotor or propeller blades, and damage to landing gear, wheels, tires, flaps, engine accessories, brakes, or wing tips are not considered substantial damage for the purpose of this order.

Survivable Accident: an accident in which the cockpit and / or structure remains relatively intact and the forces experienced by the occupants did not exceed or should not have exceeded the survivable limits of human G-tolerance. Such an accident is classified as survivable even if some or all occupants were fatally injured. (Note: the investigator makes his / her greatest contribution to air safety by documenting the reasons why aircraft occupants were fatally or seriously injured in survivable accidents).

Jordan - Accredited Representative: an individual accredited to represent Jordan in foreign accident or incident investigations.

Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation: Any entry or movement on the airport movement area by a vehicle, pedestrian or aircraft that has not been authorized by air traffic control.

1-7  FORMS AND REPORTS

Forms used for aircraft accident and incident notification, investigation, and reporting are listed in appendix2. 

1-8 AUTHORITY TO CHANGE THIS ORDER.

Only the DGCAA may approve substantive changes to this directive. Those organizations with aircraft accident and incident notification, investigation, and reporting responsibilities should submit proposed changes or additions to the Accident Investigation Unit.

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